biometry was not put in practice in the
western cultures until end of century XIX, but
she was used at least in China from century XIV.
An explorer and writer who responded to the name of Joao de Barros wrote that the Chinese retailers printed the impressions and the tracks of the palm of the hands of the children in paper with red. The retailers made this like method to distinguish between the young children.
The West, the identification trusted the “photographic memory simply” until Alphonse Bertillon, head of the photographic department of the Police of Paris, developed the anthropometric system in 1883.
This one was the first precise system, widely used scientifically to identify criminals and turned to the biométrica a study field. It worked measuring of precise form certain lengths and widths of the head and the body, as well as registering individual marks like tattoos and scars.
|The system of Bertillon was
adopted extensively in the West until problems
with methods different from measures and changes
of measurement mainly appeared defects in the
After this, the western police forces began to use the digital track essentially - he himself system seen in China hundreds of years before.
In recent years the biométrica has grown from using the digital track simply, to use many different methods having in account several physical measures and of behavior.
The applications of the biometry also have increased - from only identification to security systems and more.